The use of a condom is essential to protect yourself and your partners against STDs. If you have any concerns, you should have an STD screening test. In the event of an infection, make sure you follow the correct treatment and inform your sexual partners.
What does Sciensano do?
Sciensano publishes 2 reports each year documenting the evolution of STDs in Belgium.
The reports are based on information provided by data-collection networks:
- the sentinel network of microbiological laboratories managed by Sciensano
- the sentinel network of clinicians managed by Sciensano
- the National Reference Centre for STIs hosted by the Institute for Tropical Medicine in Antwerp.
The reports are made public and transmitted to the authorities that can re-evaluate the policy for controlling and preventing STIs.
Sentinel network of microbiological laboratories
This epidemiological data makes it possible to establish the trends in and the evolution of STDs in Belgium.
The network covers 60% of STD registration activities at a national and regional level.
In Belgium, 99 out of the 178 microbiology laboratories are part of the network of sentinel laboratories:
- 54 out of 95 laboratories (57%) in Flanders
- 10 out of 17 laboratories (59%) in Brussels
- 35 out of 66 laboratories (53%) in Wallonia.
Sentinel network of clinicians
Since 2000, the sentinel network of clinicians run by the Epidemiology of infectious diseases service describes the characteristics of people suffering from an STD (including Chlamydia) and the factors that increase the risk of transmitting an STD.
The participating doctors are gynaecologists, dermatologists, general practitioners, internists, urologists; and in addition family planning centres, sexual health clinics and student medical centres. Participation is on a voluntary basis.
Since 2013, general practitioners' surgeries (sentinel network of general practitioners) have been integrated into the sentinel network of clinicians. They record any new episodes of Chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis and condyloma (HPV).
National Reference Centre for STIs
The National Reference Centre for STIs, which is based at the Institute of Tropical Medicine in Antwerp, provides data to Sciensano on the molecular surveillance of the bacteria Treponema pallidum (syphilis), Chlamydia trachomatis (Chlamydia), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea) and Mycoplasma genitalium.
It analyses the genetic type (serotyping) of strains of bacteria in circulation and determines which ones are no longer circulating. This enables it to predict potential epidemics.
For example, for STDs, the CNR monitors the prevalence of different strains of the bacteria that cause Chlamydia as well as the level of resistance to antibiotics of the bacteria that cause gonorrhea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae).