Animal sources of antimicrobial-resistant bacterial infections in humans: a systematic review

Last updated on 17-9-2023 by Brecht Devleesschauwer

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Peer reviewed scientific article


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Bacterial antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is among the leading global health challenges of the century. Animals and their products are known contributors to the human AMR burden, but the extent of this contribution is not clear. This systematic literature review aimed to identify studies investigating the direct impact of animal sources, defined as livestock, aquaculture, pets, and animal-based food, on human AMR. We searched four scientific databases and identified 31 relevant publications, including 12 risk assessments, 16 source attribution studies, and three other studies. Most studies w…

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