At 7 days of age, 4 groups, each of twenty specific pathogen free turkeys kept in isolation units were inoculated by aerosol with the Texas Turkey strain (avian Chlamydia psittaci serovar D), strain 92/1293 (avian Chlamydia psittaci serovar D), strain 84/55 (avian Chlamydia psittaci serovar A) or strain 89/1326 (avian Chlamydia psittaci serovar B). A fifth group of 4 specific pathogen free turkeys were sham inoculated controls. At daily intervals for 10 days and then twice weekly up to 34 days post infection, one bird in each group was killed and the target tissues and cells for replication and the sequence of events of serovar A, B and D infections was examined. In these turkeys, the primary site of replication was the respiratory tract. Chlamydial replication could be detected in the respiratory tract on day 1 post inoculation (p.i.) for group A, on day 3 p.i. for group B and on day 1 to 2 p.i. for groups D1 and D2. Subsequently, there was chlamydaemia and localisation in the digestive tract, in one or more parenchymatous organs, in the pericardium and in the conjunctivae. Specific immunoperoxidase staining revealed chamydiae in these organs in epithelial cells and in monomorphonuclear cells in all infected groups. The monomorphonuclear cells were identified as macrophages by double immunofluorescence staining. Chlamydiae were present in the same tissues for serovars A and D, but could not be demonstrated in proventriculus, duodenum, pancreas, ovaries and testes for serovar B. Furthermore, the intensity of replication was similar for all serovars. However, for serovar B in comparison with the other serovars, the bacteria appeared in most tissues 1 to 6 days later and the maximal replication in these tissues occurred 3 to 4 days later.