The co-existence between transgenic and non-transgenic maize in the European Union: a focus on pollen flow and cross-fertilization

Last updated on 4-1-2022 by Adinda De Schrijver

Public Access


Peer reviewed scientific article



The ongoing discussion on the co-existence between genetically modified (GM) and non-GM crops becomes more important in the European Union (EU). With the recent inscription of 17 GM maize varieties in the common EU catalogue of varieties of agricultural plant species, the acreage of transgenic maize for market purposes is expected to increase in some European countries. In the EU, specific tolerance thresholds have been established for the adventitious and technically unavoidable presence of GM material in non-GM produce, and member states are elaborating legal frames to cope with co-existe…

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