Impact of the revised European Tobacco Product Directive on the quality of e-cigarette refill liquids in Belgium

Last updated on 4-1-2022 by Jill Alexandre

Under Embargo


Peer reviewed scientific article




Introduction Since its introduction, the e-cigarette has become a commonly used consumer product. In this study, we investigate whether regulatory changes had an impact on the quality of refill liquids (e-liquids) available on the Belgian market through analysis of their chemical composition. Hence, the nicotine concentration accuracy was investigated in samples before, during and after the implementation of the revised Tobacco Product Directive (TPD) as an indicator of good manufacturing practices. This is, however, not enough to assure the quality. Therefore, extra criteria were also a…

Associated health topics:

QR code

QR code for this page URL