Synthesis and biological activity of endomorphin-2 analogs incorporating piperidine-2-, 3- or 4-carboxylic acids instead of proline in position 24391

Last updated on 23-8-2019 by Anonymous (not verified)

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Novel endomorphin-2 (EM-2) analogs have been synthesized, incorporating unnatural amino acids with six-membered heterocyclic rings, such as piperidine-2-, 3- and 4-carboxylic acids (Pip, Nip and Inp, respectively) instead of Pro in position 2. [(R)-Nip(2)]EM-2 displayed an extremely high affinity for the mu-opioid receptor with IC(50) = 0.04 +/- 0.01 nM in comparison with IC(50) = 0.69 +/- 0.03 nM for EM-2. This analog was also very potent in the aequorin luminescence-based functional calcium assay and showed significantly enhanced stability in rat brain homogenate

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