The monkeypox (MPOX) virus mainly occurs in countries in West and Central Africa. Since the beginning of May 2022, cases of monkeypox have also been identified in several countries (within the EU and beyond). Infections mainly occur in men who have sexual contacts with men (MSM), but not exclusively.

The epidemiological situation in Belgium is closely monitored. The number of persons diagnosed with MPOX is very low in 2023, but the virus is still present. Individuals with multiple sexual partners and concerned healthcare providers should therefore remain vigilant.

Sciensano closely monitors the epidemiological situation of the monkeypox virus. We describe the epidemic’s evolution and assess its consequences on the health of the Belgian population. In addition, Sciensano coordinates the Risk Assessment Group (RAG), which assesses the risk, evaluates the effect of the measures. 

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