The monkeypox (MPX) virus mainly occurs in countries in West and Central Africa. Since the beginning of May 2022, cases of monkeypox have also been identified in several countries (within the EU and beyond). Infections mainly occur in men who have sexual contacts with men (MSM), but not exclusively.

The epidemiological situation in Belgium is closely monitored.

Sciensano closely monitors the epidemiological situation of the monkeypox virus. We describe the epidemic’s evolution and assess its consequences on the health of the Belgian population. Sciensano supports health authorities in elaborating procedures for health professionals. In addition, Sciensano coordinates the Risk Assessment Group (RAG), which assesses the risk and evaluates the effect of the measures.

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