What is bisphenol A?
According to EFSA, the main route of exposure to BPA is oral through to the consumption of food to which BPA has migrated. Other routes of exposure are possible but they are much less frequent: dermal (through thermal paper) and the inhalation route (by inhalation of contaminated dust).
What are the health risks of bisphenol A?
According to the latest assessment of EFSA published in January 2015, bisphenol A (BPA) poses no health risk for consumers of all ages, because the current exposure to the substance is too low to be dangerous.
However, since June 2016, EFSA has re-examined the risk of toxicity of BPA following the publication of a report by the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, which raises questions about the effects of BPA on the immune system in foetuses and young children.
Is bisphenol A an endocrine disruptor?
Endocrine disruptors are chemicals that alter the functioning of the hormone system in humans and animals so as to cause adverse health effects, such as development and fertility problems.
Many controversies still surround BPA. According to the latest EFSA assessment published in January 2015, BPA does not pose a risk to the health of consumers of all age groups because current exposure to this substance is too low to affect human health.
However, effects at low doses have been identified by various researchers (U. Hass, K. Mandrup). To address these uncertainties, a major study was undertaken (Clarity-BPA). Animals were exposed to a wide range of doses of BPA, including very low doses during the sensitive period of development (on the foetus and after birth). The results of this study are expected in 2018.