At the animal level, the European Union has declared Belgium’s cattle herd to be officially free of dourine. The sheep and pig herds are also free. In wildlife, the infection is described in marine mammals and wild boars. It is important to note that cattle infections from contaminated wild boar are described in Belgium.
In humans, most of the cases described in Belgium, about 2 confirmed cases per year, are defined as being linked to imports and are linked to stays abroad in endemic areas, mainly the countries of the Mediterranean basin.