Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a devastating viral disease in cattle that has recently been introduced in the EU in Greece. Since its introduction in Europe the disease is progressing northward and westward through the Balkans. Sciensano prepares Belgium for a potential future incursion of LSD virus.
The main objectives of this research project are:
- to determine and quantify the risk factors for introduction and spread of lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) in cattle in Belgium
- to develop the best control strategy to prevent the introduction and to stop the spread of LSDV in Belgium
- to determine and develop the most suited diagnostic techniques to detect LSDV and antibodies to LSDV in the (vaccinated) cattle population in Belgium, including DIVA PCR
- to determine if attenuated LSDV vaccines provide efficient and safe protection and if inactivated vaccines could be an efficient and safe alternative
- to perform vector competence and transmission studies in cultured Culicoides and ticks and in captured biting flies, gnats and mosquitoes
- to design the best possible contingency plan for LSDV in Belgium