There is a vaccine against hepatitis A and hepatitis B, but there is no vaccine against hepatitis C. Screening for HBV and HCV is recommended for certain at-risk individuals.
Who is at risk?
Hepatitis A and E
- People travelling in an endemic zone or in countries with poor sanitation
- Men who have sex with men (MSM)
- People who eat shellfish
- People who eat raw pork products (HEV genotype 3)
- Non-vaccinated people
Hepatitis B and C
- People who have sexual relations without a condom with a person who has HBV or HCV
- Intravenous drug users
- Healthcare professionals
- People who have received a blood transfusion or clotting factor transfusion prior to 1990 (HCV)
- People undergoing haemodialysis treatment
- Newborns whose mothers are infected by HBV or HCV
- People who travel to an endemic zone
- Men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV
- People who have tattoos or piercings using unsterilized equipment
DID YOU KNOW? Hepatitis E (genotype 1) is potentially fatal for pregnant women. This genotype circulates principally in Asia and Africa. An infection with hepatitis E virus, genotype 1 during the last few months of pregnancy can be fatal in 20% of cases. The virus can equally be transmitted from the pregnant woman to the foetus.