Polio is a disease that has been eradicated in Belgium, yet it is still rife in other parts of the world. For as long as the polio virus is in circulation, unvaccinated children, from any country of origin, will run a risk of contracting polio. There is no treatment against polio, vaccination is the only means of prevention.

Poliomyelitis in Belgium

According to the Agency for a good quality of life (Agence pour une vie de qualité — AViQ) and Sciensano:  

  • vaccination against poliomyelitis has been compulsory since 1967 
  • the last case of poliomyelitis that was not imported occurred in 1979 
  • the last case of poliomyelitis that was imported occurred in 1989 
  • the last case of vaccine-induced poliomyelitis, following administration of an oral vaccine (Oral Polio Vaccine or OPV), was reported in 1999
  • since 1989, no cases of poliomyelitis have been reported, either via the PediSurv network or the mandatory declaration system. 

Poliomyelitis worldwide 

According to the World Health Organization (WHO)

Sciensano centralises and analyses data related to Acute Flaccid Paralysis and enteroviruses. 

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