Each year, the disease is diagnosed in one or two unvaccinated individuals, after a stay in a country where the disease is present. To date, no indigenous human infections have been diagnosed, despite the presence of the vector and the circulation of the virus in animals.

Sciensano collects information on the number of people diagnosed with tick-borne encephalitis in Belgium and on the place of infection (country where the person traveled). We also collect information on the circulation of the virus in animals and on areas at risk of tick bites in the country. 

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