NSIH_QI - Quality indicators for infection prevention and control in acute hospitals

Last updated on 12-2-2021 by Lieke Vervoort
January 1, 2011
Project with no end date

Sciensano's project investigator(s):


prof. Dr Baudouin Byl (ULB Erasme)
prof. Dr Annette Schuermans (KULeuven)

In short

It can cause a lot of extra suffering and higher costs, such as an additional treatment or a longer hospitalisation period, when patients get an infection during their stay in the hospital. A significant proportion of these infections can be prevented. A set of quality indicators has been developed in order to have an instrument to reduce the risk of infections in the hospital. Belgian (acute) hospitals must participate in the “quality indicators for infection prevention and control” project to follow up and improve the quality of the infection prevention and control policy in their hospital.

Project summary

‘Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are infections occurring after exposure to healthcare, often, but not always, as a consequence of this exposure’ (ECDC, 2008). HAIs are a major cause of morbidity and mortality, which leads to a big extra public healthcare cost. A significant part of this HAIs can be prevented, by having infection prevention and control programs in place at national and hospital level.

The quality indicators are defined by BAPCOC (advised by the federal hospital hygiene platform). These quality indicators for infection prevention and control project were used for the first time in 2015 in order to measure once a year the quality of the infection prevention and control in hospitals. Participation is mandatory for all acute hospitals in Belgium.

The main goal of the quality indicator for infection prevention and control project is: Improving the quality of infection prevention and control programmes in Belgian acute hospitals by providing quality indicators (QIs) related to the priorities as defined by the advisory and consultative bodies and scientific institutions: the Superior Health Council, the federal hospital hygiene (HH) platform and the Belgian Infection Control Society.

By using quality indicators, strategies and interventions regarding infection prevention and control in hospitals can be defined, prioritised and implemented in order to improve the quality of care both on hospital level and on national level.

National results and regional results are presented through online publication of an annual national report (reports will include historic data to enable the evaluation of trends). Results for each hospital individually are presented in Healthstat.

More information and the protocol

Associated Health Topics

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