[Foot and mouth disease virus: transmission, pathogenesis, diagnosis and surveillance].

Last updated on 12-1-2024 by David Lefebvre

Peer reviewed scientific article




Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is one of the most contagious viral animal diseases. It is an old disease which still poses a permanent threat of re-emergence for free zones. Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus (FMDV), a Picornavirus belonging to genus Aphthovirus affects domestic and wild artiodactyls. FMD has a considerable socio-economic impact on agricultural production and trade in endemic regions, but also when incursions occur into FMD free areas, as in Europe in 2001. FMDV is historically one of the most studied viruses. Due to its high genetic and antigenic variability, the absence of cross-…

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