High number of hospitalisations and non-classical presentations: lessons learned from a measles outbreak in 2017, Belgium.

Last updated on 21-12-2021 by Laura Cornelissen

Public Access


Peer reviewed scientific article



We describe and analyse an outbreak of measles that affected Belgium early 2017. In total, 289 cases were reported, mostly (53%) in people 15 years or older. For 133 (46%) vaccination status was unknown and a further 117 (41%) were not vaccinated. According to national guidelines, 83 of the unvaccinated cases (29% of total cases) should have received minimum one dose of vaccine, but did not. One in five cases (21%) did not present with the classical triad of fever, rash and any of coryza, conjunctivitis or cough. Rash was the most sensitive symptom, being absent in only six cases. A large p…

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