The presence of rabies virus neutralizing antibodies (minimum titer of 0.5 IU/ml) is a requirement for travel within the pet travel scheme, these can be determined using the rabies virus neutralizing antibody assay (RFFIT). Within this system other conditions have to be met before travel is allowed. It is thus highly advised to the owners to contact competent authorities of the country of destination before organizing their journey.
Rabies virus neutralizing antibodies can protect an animal from future exposure, but do not guarantee protection against previous exposure. If a vaccine is administered after exposure to the virus, protection cannot be guaranteed. This is why a waiting period of at least 3 months after the date of blood sampling and satisfactory blood test (titer ≥ 0.5 IU/ml) is required before importing an animal from a country at risk to a EU country. Therefore a waiting period of at least 3 months after the date of blood sampling needs to be respected before importing a pet from a country at risk
The RFFIT cannot be used as a diagnostic tool to exclude exposure or infection of the animal.