The contribution of cacao consumption to the bioaccessible dietary cadmium exposure in the Belgian population

Last updated on 9-1-2023 by Nadia Waegeneers

Peer reviewed scientific article




Since 2019, EU limits apply to cadmium (Cd) concentrations in cacao-derived food products. The dietary risk assessment leading to that regulation used consumption surveys aggregated to a limited number of chocolate product categories and did not consider differences in Cd bioaccessibility. Here, the cacao-related dietary Cd exposure in the Belgian population was estimated with higher resolution and accounting for bioaccessibility. A food frequency questionnaire and a 24-hour recall (N=2055) were set up for the Belgian population, in combination with ICP-MS analysis of a large subset of caca…

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