Cereulide food toxin, beta cell function and diabetes: Facts and hypotheses.

Last updated on 7-4-2021 by Jill Alexandre

Public Access


Peer reviewed scientific article



The incidence of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes is increasing and although environmental pollutants are believed to be potential culprits, the extent to which they can be held responsible remains uncertain. Some bacterial strains of the Bacillus cereus produce a toxin, cereulide, which is frequently found in starchy meals and which is difficult to eradicate from the food chain as it is highly resistant to heat, acidity and proteolysis. While cereulide is well known to cause acute emetic toxicity when ingested at high doses, several in vitro studies have shown that also extremely low doses …

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