New techniques of genetic modification and the GMO definition

Last updated on 23-8-2019 by Anonymous (niet gecontroleerd)

Popular-science publication (vulgarising publication)



In the European Union, genetically modified organisms (GMO) and genetically modified micro-organisms (GMM) are defined respectively according to Directives 2001/18/EC on deliberate release of GMO and 2009/41/EC on the contained use of GMM (2). In accordance with the legislation, a GMO/GMM is defined as “an organism/micro-organism … in which the genetic material has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or naturalrecombination”. This definition must be read together with a series of annexes that list techniques (i) that result in genetic modification, (ii) that …

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